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Transcript Of George W. Bush

Pandemic Response

  
Resources To Track Pandemic
  

Schools                                                    
Long COVID
Animal Hosts

Pregnancy
Hybrid Immunity

Getting to and Sustaining the New Normal
https://www.rockefellerfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/Getting-to-and-Sustaining-the-Next-Normal-A-Roadmap-for-Living-with-Covid-Report-Final.pdf  
 
The Lancet Commission on lessons for the future from the COVID-19 pandemic
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(22)01585-9/fulltext 
 

   
Schools     HW USA School Publications & Resources     Top of Page
 

Spread of Virus By Children


1. Case Tracking in South Korea: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/26/10/20-1315_article 

2. Misinformation from Sweden: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-022-01097-5 

3. Multi-generational Family: https://www.gu.org/resources/multigenerational-families/ 

4. Evidence grows that children may play a larger role in transmission than previously believed: https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2020/08/20/children-coronavirus-spread-transmission/ 
      
   
   Masks Prevent Spread in Schools

Masks Work In Schools


1. Association Between K–12 School Mask Policies and School-Associated COVID-19 Outbreaks — Maricopa and Pima Counties, Arizona, July–August 2021 https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7039e1.htm

2. Pediatric COVID-19 Cases in Counties With and Without School Mask Requirements — United States, July 1–September 4, 2021 https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7039e3.htm

3. Studies Show More COVID-19 Cases in Areas Without School Masking Policies https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2021/p0924-school-masking.html

4. Mass Schools Found to have an increase in COVID-19 cases in Caregivers and Children once masking requirements were lifted. https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.08.09.22278385v1 
NEJM: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa221102   
   


Air Quality

1. Parents Using CO2 Monitors: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/10/health/coronavirus-ventilation-carbon-dioxide.html 
 
   
Spread by School Sporting Events.

1. KY: Surge in cases tied to baseball games: https://www.kentucky.com/news/state/kentucky/article257540853.html

2. Even tied to KY Derby: https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/doctors-seeing-increase-in-covid-following-derby-jefferson-county-back-to-medium-risk/ar-AAX53z4 

 
       
Deaths of Children Caregivers > 200,000

1. https://www.newsweek.com/covid-orphans-over-200000-children-lost-parent-caregiver-1675856

2. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/200000-us-children-lost-parent-caregiver-covid-efforts-help-haphazard-rcna16140
   
Antibody Incidence of Viral Infection in Children Greater Than Adults.

1. 74.5% in 0 to 11 yr olds verses 49.8% in 18 to 49 yr olds.
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7117e3.htm   

  

 
Long Covid                                               Top of Page
     

Incidence

1. 30% of cases treated for COVID develop Long COVID https://www.uclahealth.org/news/about-30-covid-patients-develop-long-covid-ucla-research 
2. 1- to 30% of people with COVID-19 develop Long COVID: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/uk-data-sheds-light-on-long-covid-groups-at-risk-omicron-and-more 
3. High-dimensional characterization of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19. Almost 1% incidence of dying in Post Acute Period: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03553-9
4. In the UK, 2.1% of population report symptoms of Long-COVID: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/uk-data-sheds-light-on-long-covid-groups-at-risk-omicron-and-more
5. Long COVID, shrinking the UK Workforce: https://qz.com/work/2167480/long-covid-is-shrinking-the-workforce/
6.  Little or no improvement 6 to 18 months post infectoin.(incidence of 42%)
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-33415-5    
7.  Study from Israel, 1 in 3 develope Long COVID
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02813432.2022.2139480 
 
Reinfections

1. Double the risk of Post COVID sequella.   

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-022-02051-3    
   
Children-Long COVID

1.  At Least Half a Million U.S. Kinds Have Long COVID
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/newsletters/2022-05-06/coronavirus-latest-half-a-million-u-s-kids-may-suffer-from-long-covid  
2.  Germany - Controlled Study.  Long COVID occures in Chidren Less Frequently than adults.  Chilren post COVID were 30% more likely than controls to have long term symptesm (2.28 times more likly to have fatigue and exhaustion)  https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1004122  
 
Immunosupression
 
1. Respiratory Spread and the Flawed Concept of Immunological Debt: A New Understanding
https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/view/respiratory-spread-flawed-concept-immunological-debt-new-understanding  
2.  ‘Immunity debt’: Why experts say this new term promotes COVID-19 ‘misinformation’
https://globalnews.ca/news/9272293/immunity-debt-covid-19-misinformation/  
3. What If COVID Reinfections Wear Down Our Immunity? 
https://thetyee.ca/Analysis/2022/11/07/COVID-Reinfections-And-Immunity/         
    
    General Articles

1. Prevalence of ongoing symptoms following coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in the UK: 1 April 2021: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/
conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/prevalenceofongoingsymptomsfollowing
coronaviruscovid19infectionintheuk/1april2021#prevalence-of-ongoing-symptoms-following-coronavirus-infection-in-the-uk-data 

2. Prevalence of ongoing symptoms following coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in the UK : 3 February 2022: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/
conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/prevalenceofongoingsymptomsfollowing
coronaviruscovid19infectionintheuk/3february2022

3. Persistent Symptoms in Patients After Acute COVID-19: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2768351
      
Cognition

1. Virus affects Olfactory Center In the Brain: https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/long-covid-even-mild-covid-linked-damage-brain-months-infection-rcna18959 
2. 60% of people diagnosed with COVID-19 have a loss of smell. https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/coronavirus-destroys-lungs-but-doctors-are-finding-its-damage-in-kidneys-hearts-and-elsewhere/2020/04/14/7ff71ee0-7db1-11ea-a3ee-13e1ae0a3571_story.html
3. 70% of those who have long COVID develop cognitive impairment, brain fog or memory difficulties: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnagi.2022.804937/full 
4. Severe COVID: Loss of 7 IQ Points: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/eclinm/article/PIIS2589-5370(21)00324-2/fulltext 

5. In Hospital and Greater than 60 years of age: Almost a 3% chance of dementia and a 9.1% chance of mild cognitive decline. https://www.medpagetoday.com/neurology/generalneurology/97564
     
Heart

1. Hospitalized patients without ICU, almost double the risk of heart disease: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-022-01689-3/> 2. 20% of patients to the hospital https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamacardiology/fullarticle/2763524
      
Kidneys

1. (At 6 months: Non-hospitalized 0.3%, Hospitalized 4.6%, In the ICU 7.4% ) https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34470828/;
2. Kidney injury seen in more than a third of hospitalized COVID-19 patients: U.S. study.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-kidney/kidney-injury-seen-in-more-than-a-third-of-hospitalized-covid-19-patients-u-s-study-idUSKBN22Q0U7 
3. “Even more alarming, he added, is early data that shows 14 to 30 percent of intensive-care patients in New York and Wuhan, China — birthplace of the pandemic — losing kidney function and requiring dialysis, or its in-hospital cousin, continuous renal replacement therapy”
https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/coronavirus-destroys-lungs-but-doctors-are-finding-its-damage-in-kidneys-hearts-and-elsewhere/2020/04/14/7ff71ee0-7db1-11ea-a3ee-13e1ae0a3571_story.html
 
Prevention with Vaccines

1. Study suggests COVID-19 vaccine protective against post-acute sequelae COVID-19 symptoms, new onset of health conditions and mortality.-- About 15% to 40% lower.  https://dgalerts.docguide.com/ncov-home/article/study-suggests-covid-19-vaccine-protective-against-post-acute-sequelae-covid-19-symptoms-new-onset-of-health-conditions-and-mortality" https://dgalerts.docguide.com/ncov-home/article/study-suggests-covid-19-vaccine-protective-against-post-acute-sequelae-covid-19-symptoms-new-onset-of-health-conditions-and-mortality 
https://academic.oup.com/ofid/article/9/7/ofac228/6582238 
2. The protective effect of covid-19 vaccination on post-acute sequelae of covid-19 (pasc): a multicenter study from a large national health research network. https://academic.oup.com/ofid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ofid/ofac228/6582238 
3. Vaccination Linked to Reduction in Long COVID Symptoms | MedPage Today.  https://academic.oup.com/ofid/article/9/7/ofac228/6582238 https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/covid19vaccine/98795 
4. Trajectory of long covid symptoms after covid-19 vaccination: community based cohort study.   https://www.bmj.com/content/377/bmj-2021-069676 
5. Long COVID after breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-022-01840-0
6.  41% decease observed by the UK Office of National Statistics
https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/
conditionsanddiseases/bulletins/selfreportedlongcovidaftertwodosesofacorona
viruscovid19vaccineintheuk/26january2022
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2794072 
7.  RECOVER Program  -- 33% decrease in the Incidence of Long COVID.  https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.10.06.22280795v1 
8.  Boosted vs Unvacinated a 38% decrease in Long COVID https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2794072
  
     
Paxlovid Lowers Chances of Long COVID Three pills of Paxlovid taken twice a day for five days had a 26% lower risk of long COVID.  
https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.11.03.22281783v1.full
        
Animal Hosts;                                              Top of Page
          
1. Hamsters in China put down after testing positive for COVID-19 (msn.com) https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/hamsters-in-china-put-down-after-testing-positive-for-covid-19/ar-AASTZew 
2. SARS-CoV-2 exposure in wild white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) | bioRxiv  https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.07.29.454326v1  
3. A coronavirus outbreak in Iowa deer is prompting scientists to worry if the animals could be a reservoir for the virus in the long term (msn.com) https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/medical/a-coronavirus-outbreak-in-iowa-deer-is-prompting-scientists-to-worry-if-the-animals-could-be-a-reservoir-for-the-virus-in-the-long-term/ar-AAQgRbp
4. White-tailed deer have tested positive for COVID-19 in NY. Here's what hunters should do. https://www.pressconnects.com/story/news/local/2021/09/28/white-tail-deer-covid-positive-new-york-hunters-safely-eat-meat/5815817001/
5. Deer in Iowa appear to be catching COVID-19 from humans. Could it happen in other states? https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2021/11/03/iowa-deer-seem-to-be-catching-covid-humans/6265831001/ 
6. The coronavirus is rife in common US deer (nature.com) https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02110-8
7. New York Deer Infected With Omicron, Study Finds https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/07/health/omicron-deer-staten-island-covid.html 
8. Researchers may have ID’ed first deer-to-human SARS-CoV-2 transmission
https://arstechnica.com/science/2022/03/researchers-may-have-ided-first-deer-to-human-sars-cov-2-transmission/   
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41564-022-01268-9
     
Pregnancy                                   Top of Page
      
1. COVI1. COVID-19 exposure during pregnancy may be associated with more likely to receive a neurodevelopmental diagnosis https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2793178 
       
2.  COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy: early experience from a single institution. "This series describes our experience with women who received an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy. In line with other published findings,2 we observed no concerning trends. There were no stillbirths. Our 6.5% rate of spontaneous abortion is within the expected rate of 10%,3 and our preterm birth rate of 5.9% is below the national average of 9.5%" https://www.ajogmfm.org/article/S2589-9333(21)00159-2/fulltext  
         
3.  Pregnant Women Who Receive COVID-19 Vaccination Pass Protection from the Virus to Their Newborns
"High levels of transplacental antibody transfer are not surprising. It is consistent with what we see with other immunizations. Our findings add to a growing list of important reasons why women should be advised to receive the COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy for the added benefit of their newborn receiving crucial protection,"
https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/pregnant-women-who-receive-covid-19-vaccination-pass-protection-from-the-virus-to-their-newborns-301382581.html
       
4. mRNA Vaccines produce Ten fold higher anitbody levels in Pregnant mothers, also protect unborn child. https://www.usnews.com/news/health-news/articles/2022-11-10/for-pregnant-women-and-their-newborns-covid-vaccine-offers-better-protection-than-prior-infection     
     

Natural Versus Vaccine Immunity -- Hybrid is Strongest
   
Hybrid Immunity1. SARS-CoV-2 hybrid immunity: silver bullet or silver lining?
Hybrid immunity emerged as a form of ‘super immunity’ in 2021, when convalescent people receiving vaccine doses were found to have neutralizing antibody titres on average 50-fold higher than unvaccinated convalescent individuals1. As breakthrough infections emerged in vaccinated people, hybrid immunity became an established arm of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 immune landscape. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41577-022-00771-8      

 

    

2021 Resources On COVID-19 Infections
And Coronavirus

  

2020 Resources On COVID-19 Infections
And Coronavirus