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Transcript Of George W. Bush

Pandemic Response

Resources To Track Pandemic

Animal Hosts

Hybrid Immunity

Getting to and Sustaining the New Normal  
The Lancet Commission on lessons for the future from the COVID-19 pandemic 

Schools     HW USA School Publications & Resources     Top of Page

Spread of Virus By Children

1. Case Tracking in South Korea: 

2. Misinformation from Sweden: 

3. Multi-generational Family: 

4. Evidence grows that children may play a larger role in transmission than previously believed: 
   Masks Prevent Spread in Schools

Masks Work In Schools

1. Association Between K–12 School Mask Policies and School-Associated COVID-19 Outbreaks — Maricopa and Pima Counties, Arizona, July–August 2021

2. Pediatric COVID-19 Cases in Counties With and Without School Mask Requirements — United States, July 1–September 4, 2021

3. Studies Show More COVID-19 Cases in Areas Without School Masking Policies

4. Mass Schools Found to have an increase in COVID-19 cases in Caregivers and Children once masking requirements were lifted. 

Air Quality

1. Parents Using CO2 Monitors: 
Spread by School Sporting Events.

1. KY: Surge in cases tied to baseball games:

2. Even tied to KY Derby: 

Deaths of Children Caregivers > 200,000


Antibody Incidence of Viral Infection in Children Greater Than Adults.

1. 74.5% in 0 to 11 yr olds verses 49.8% in 18 to 49 yr olds.   


Long Covid                                               Top of Page


1. 30% of cases treated for COVID develop Long COVID 
2. 1- to 30% of people with COVID-19 develop Long COVID: 
3. High-dimensional characterization of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19. Almost 1% incidence of dying in Post Acute Period:
4. In the UK, 2.1% of population report symptoms of Long-COVID:
5. Long COVID, shrinking the UK Workforce:
6.  Little or no improvement 6 to 18 months post infectoin.(incidence of 42%)    
7.  Study from Israel, 1 in 3 develope Long COVID 

1. Double the risk of Post COVID sequella.    
Children-Long COVID

1.  At Least Half a Million U.S. Kinds Have Long COVID  
2.  Germany - Controlled Study.  Long COVID occures in Chidren Less Frequently than adults.  Chilren post COVID were 30% more likely than controls to have long term symptesm (2.28 times more likly to have fatigue and exhaustion)  
1. Respiratory Spread and the Flawed Concept of Immunological Debt: A New Understanding  
2.  ‘Immunity debt’: Why experts say this new term promotes COVID-19 ‘misinformation’  
3. What If COVID Reinfections Wear Down Our Immunity?         
    General Articles

1. Prevalence of ongoing symptoms following coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in the UK: 1 April 2021:

2. Prevalence of ongoing symptoms following coronavirus (COVID-19) infection in the UK : 3 February 2022:

3. Persistent Symptoms in Patients After Acute COVID-19:

1. Virus affects Olfactory Center In the Brain: 
2. 60% of people diagnosed with COVID-19 have a loss of smell.
3. 70% of those who have long COVID develop cognitive impairment, brain fog or memory difficulties: 
4. Severe COVID: Loss of 7 IQ Points: 

5. In Hospital and Greater than 60 years of age: Almost a 3% chance of dementia and a 9.1% chance of mild cognitive decline.

1. Hospitalized patients without ICU, almost double the risk of heart disease:> 2. 20% of patients to the hospital

1. (At 6 months: Non-hospitalized 0.3%, Hospitalized 4.6%, In the ICU 7.4% );
2. Kidney injury seen in more than a third of hospitalized COVID-19 patients: U.S. study. 
3. “Even more alarming, he added, is early data that shows 14 to 30 percent of intensive-care patients in New York and Wuhan, China — birthplace of the pandemic — losing kidney function and requiring dialysis, or its in-hospital cousin, continuous renal replacement therapy”
Prevention with Vaccines

1. Study suggests COVID-19 vaccine protective against post-acute sequelae COVID-19 symptoms, new onset of health conditions and mortality.-- About 15% to 40% lower." 
2. The protective effect of covid-19 vaccination on post-acute sequelae of covid-19 (pasc): a multicenter study from a large national health research network. 
3. Vaccination Linked to Reduction in Long COVID Symptoms | MedPage Today. 
4. Trajectory of long covid symptoms after covid-19 vaccination: community based cohort study. 
5. Long COVID after breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection
6.  41% decease observed by the UK Office of National Statistics
7.  RECOVER Program  -- 33% decrease in the Incidence of Long COVID. 
8.  Boosted vs Unvacinated a 38% decrease in Long COVID
Paxlovid Lowers Chances of Long COVID Three pills of Paxlovid taken twice a day for five days had a 26% lower risk of long COVID.
Animal Hosts;                                              Top of Page
1. Hamsters in China put down after testing positive for COVID-19 ( 
2. SARS-CoV-2 exposure in wild white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) | bioRxiv  
3. A coronavirus outbreak in Iowa deer is prompting scientists to worry if the animals could be a reservoir for the virus in the long term (
4. White-tailed deer have tested positive for COVID-19 in NY. Here's what hunters should do.
5. Deer in Iowa appear to be catching COVID-19 from humans. Could it happen in other states? 
6. The coronavirus is rife in common US deer (
7. New York Deer Infected With Omicron, Study Finds 
8. Researchers may have ID’ed first deer-to-human SARS-CoV-2 transmission
Pregnancy                                   Top of Page
1. COVI1. COVID-19 exposure during pregnancy may be associated with more likely to receive a neurodevelopmental diagnosis 
2.  COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy: early experience from a single institution. "This series describes our experience with women who received an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy. In line with other published findings,2 we observed no concerning trends. There were no stillbirths. Our 6.5% rate of spontaneous abortion is within the expected rate of 10%,3 and our preterm birth rate of 5.9% is below the national average of 9.5%"  
3.  Pregnant Women Who Receive COVID-19 Vaccination Pass Protection from the Virus to Their Newborns
"High levels of transplacental antibody transfer are not surprising. It is consistent with what we see with other immunizations. Our findings add to a growing list of important reasons why women should be advised to receive the COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy for the added benefit of their newborn receiving crucial protection,"
4. mRNA Vaccines produce Ten fold higher anitbody levels in Pregnant mothers, also protect unborn child.     

Natural Versus Vaccine Immunity -- Hybrid is Strongest
Hybrid Immunity1. SARS-CoV-2 hybrid immunity: silver bullet or silver lining?
Hybrid immunity emerged as a form of ‘super immunity’ in 2021, when convalescent people receiving vaccine doses were found to have neutralizing antibody titres on average 50-fold higher than unvaccinated convalescent individuals1. As breakthrough infections emerged in vaccinated people, hybrid immunity became an established arm of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 immune landscape.      



2021 Resources On COVID-19 Infections
And Coronavirus


2020 Resources On COVID-19 Infections
And Coronavirus